Man has been known to use horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences reveal that as early as 4500 BC, the actual nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed techniques of horse racing. Actually, the Greeks tend to be known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and also the mounted horse racing were well-liked during these ages. These types of later became an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the activity.
For thousand of years that followed, this type of sports was considered to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.
Modern racing is believed to have started in the 12th hundred years when the first breeding between Arabian and English horses were made. They were sparred by the return of the noble knights to the mother land after the Crusades. They are known to have produced sturdy race horses with excellent speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse and put all of them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still typically the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II was known to have held horse races in his private courses throughout 1660 in order to 1685.
By the 16th century, the English had been known to produce a number of racecourses. Queen Anne that founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This particular organization was the very first legion of jockeys which established the actual comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the actual sports. Thus, these people grew to become the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing events.
The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the legislation of breeding among horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, which was basically, the basis of authority when it comes to the breeds that may be put to race. Based on the General Stud Book, only individuals pedigrees that have descended in the line of the “foundations sires” are considered as Thoroughbreds. The foundation sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian as well as Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the activity arrive in America for which the very first racetrack was seen in the actual Long Island. While it has become a favorite past time among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Because of the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread gambling on horse races, the activity grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are known to be on regular operation in the united kingdom.
Due to the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most notable and high-ranking stable owners met as well as organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the Jockey Club in England.
Nowadays the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to manage the horse racing occasions.